Can anybody do my assignment 3 for stats it is due tomorrow? it is only 5% so i won’t be paying that much
Department of Economics
ECON 221 ? Sections C, D, CC
Instructors: S. Elliston, I. Huq, G. Tsoublekas
Winter 2016 ? ASSIGNMENT 3 – Due Date: Wednesday, April 6, before 3:00 pm
Points Total: 95 points
Question 1 (15 marks)
a) From a random sample of 500 Montrealers, 400 indicated that they were in favour of the
proposed policy to ban single-use plastic bags on the island. Test at the 10% significance
level a politician's statement that "those who are in favour of this policy represent more
than 85% of the population."
(i) Formulate the null and alternative hypotheses.
(ii) State the decision rule for this test.[2 marks]
(iii) Calculate the appropriate statistic for testing the null hypothesis.[2 marks]
(iv) Should the null hypothesis be rejected or not rejected?[1 mark]
(v) What is your conclusion regarding the politician?s statement?[3 marks]
b) Suppose that the true proportion of those who favour this policy is 0.77. Calculate the
power of the test conducted in (a).
Question 2 (25 marks)
At the beginning of the course of Statistical Methods I, the instructor recommended that
students devote at least 3 hours per week for the duration of the 13-week semester, for a
total of at least 39 hours. It is known that the times spent on studying statistics follow a
normal distribution. Throughout the course?s duration, students were claiming that they
were following the instructor?s recommendation. At the course?s completion, a random
sample of 9 students enrolled in the course was drawn where each student was asked how
many hours he or she spent doing homework in statistics. The data are listed below:
a) [3 marks] Calculate the sample mean and sample standard deviation.
i.[2 marks] Formulate a suitable null and alternative hypothesis to support the
students? claim that they followed their instructor?s recommendation at a 5% level
ii.[2 marks] What is the decision rule for this test?
iii.[2 marks] Calculate the test statistic.
iv.[2 marks] What is your conclusion regarding the students? average study time?
c) [5 marks] If the sample results had been obtained from a random sample of 16 students,
would the conclusion about the students? claim be different from in part (b)? Explain.
d) [9 marks] Using the original data, test at the 5% significance level whether the
population standard deviation of studying times is greater than 3 hours.
Question 3 (10 marks)
Thomas is a shift manager at a local fast food place, and is responsible for quality
management. Thomas wants to ensure that all the frozen hamburger patties that get
delivered by the supplier weigh at least four ounces on average. Assume that the standard
deviation of the weight of hamburger patties is known to be 0.1 ounce. Thomas tells one of
his employees that as a shipment arrives, select 25 patties at random and find the average
weight for the 25 patties.
a) [3 marks] Formulate a suitable null and alternative hypothesis for Thomas to do the
b) [7 marks] For what average weight would you tell the employee to reject the shipment,
if you wanted the probability of a Type I error to be 0.10 or less?
Question 4 [10 marks]
A new weight-loss technique, consisting of a liquid protein diet, is currently undergoing tests
by Health Canada before its introduction into the market. A typical test performed by the
Health Canada is the following: The weights of a random sample of five people are recorded
before they are introduced to the liquid protein diet. The five individuals are then instructed
to follow the liquid protein diet for 3 weeks. At the end of this period, their weights (in
pounds) are again recorded. The results are listed in the table. Let 1 be the true mean weight
of individuals before starting the diet and let 2 be the true mean weight of individuals after
3 weeks on the diet.
Summary information is as follows: = 5, = 1.58. Conduct a test at the 10% level of
significance to determine if the diet is effective at reducing weight.
Question 5 (15 marks)
The following data represent weights (in pounds) for two independent random samples of
men of approximately 5 feet 10 inches tall and of medium build. The only difference is that
the first group is comprised of athletic persons and the second of non-athletic ones.
148, 156, 155,
157, 169, 170,
a) [4 marks] Calculate the means and variances of the two samples.
b) [11 marks] Assuming that the variances of the two populations are equal, test, at the 10%
level of significance, whether the mean weight differs between the two groups.
Question 6 (10 marks)
Random samples of 900 people in the United states and in Canada indicated that 60% of the
people in the United States were positive about the future economy, whereas 66% of the
people in Canada were positive about the future economy. Does this provide strong evidence
that people in Canada are more optimistic about the future? Test at the 5% level of
significance using the p-value approach.
Question 7 [10 marks]
The federal government is interested in determining whether salary discrepancies exist
between men and women in the private sector. Suppose random samples of 15 women and
21 men are drawn from the population of first-level managers in the private sector. The
information is summarized in the table below:
Sample standard $4,600 $5,206
Test at the 5% level of significance, whether the true variance in the salaries of men is higher.